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Identification of Vine Weeds in Florida Citrus

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PDF 7 pages 12 species 15 images by Stephen H. Futch and David W. Hall.

1. This document is HS926, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Published August 2003. Reviewed March 2009. This research was supported by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, and approved for publication as Journal Series No. T-00623. Visit the EDIS Web site at

2. Stephen H. Futch, Extension Agent IV, Citrus REC, Lake Alfred, FL, Horticultural Sciences Department, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611; and David W. Hall, D. W. Hall Consultant, Inc., Gainesville, FL, formerly with University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and Florida Museum of Natural History.

Vines are classified as broadleaf plants. As with other plants, they are classified as either annuals, biennials, or perennials. A combination of leaf, stem, fruit, and/or seed characteristics will aid in the identification process. Useful guide characteristics to identify broadleaf plants are included at the end of this article.

Identification of Vine Weeds in Florida Citrus

Balsam-Apple Vine -- Momordica charantia (Fig. 1)
Maypop or Passion-Flower -- Passiflora incarnara (Fig. 2)
Cypress-Vine Morning-Glory -- Ipomoea quamoclit (Fig. 3)
Scarlet Morning-Glory -- Ipomoea hederifolia (Fig. 4)
Air-Potato -- Dioscorea bulbifera (Fig. 5)
Citron or Citron Melon -- Citrullus colocynthis var. lanatus [Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus] (Fig. 6)
Cat's-Claw Vine -- Macfadyena unguis-cati [Doxantha unguis-cati](Figs. 7 & 8)
Milkweed or Strangler Vine -- Morrenia odorata (Figs. 9 & 10)
Virginia Creeper -- Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Fig. 11)
Puncture Vine -- Tribulus cistoides (Fig. 12)
Skunk Vine -- Paederia foetida (Fig. 13)
Possum Grape Vine -- Cissus verticillata (Figs. 14 & 15)

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Regions impacted: (See related documents in region) South Atlantic, Southeast, Southern

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